How to Use Fire Safety Equipment
Commonly used ﬁre safety equipment includes:
1. Smoke alarms
2. Portable ﬁre extinguishers
A smoke alarm senses smoke and can alert you to a ﬁre to give you time to escape.
There are two main types of smoke alarms for your home, photoelectric and ionisation. While both types of alarms are effective for detecting ﬂaming ﬁres, the photoelectric smoke alarm is more effective for detecting smoke from smouldering ﬁres.
Installing a smoke alarm
The location of the smoke alarm is important.
Smoke alarms should be installed on the ceiling. If it is not possible to ﬁt the smoke alarm on the ceiling, Check the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure it is suitable for wall mounting.
Avoid placing a smoke alarm near an air conditioning or heating unit. The air ﬂow coming out of the unit may blow the smoke away from the smoke alarm and fail to alert you to a ﬁre.
It is important to have a working Smoke Alarm
1. Test your smoke alarm weekly.
2. Clean your smoke alarm and the ceiling around it each month with a vacuum cleaner.
3. Change the battery at least once a year with the battery speciﬁed by the alarm manufacturer.
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
Portable ﬁre extinguishers can put out or contain ﬁres that may start in your home. It is important to know which extinguisher to use for a particular ﬁre and how to use an extinguisher correctly. Your local fire service can help you with speciﬁc training and advice. The information here is provided as a general guide on the range of portable ﬁre extinguishers available, and how to use them in an emergency situation.
Selecting a portable ﬁre extinguisher
There are a number of types of portable ﬁre extinguishers available. Each type of extinguisher may be rated for one or more classes of ﬁre. Some extinguishers can be extremely dangerous to use on certain classes of ﬁre and can increase the ﬁre and threaten your safety. Some extinguishers are also considered ineffective against certain classes of ﬁre. There are six classes of ﬁre, A, B, C, D, E and F shown in the table below.
Know when and how to use a portable ﬁre extinguisher
Before you use an extinguisher to ﬁght a ﬁre, make sure that you have a clear view of the ﬁre and that you can approach the ﬁre safely. Do not attempt to ﬁght the ﬁre if it is too hot or ﬁerce. Fires can block your escape path when out of control, so be sure that your back is to an exit and you have a clear path of escape. If it is not safe, escape from the ﬁre and call the ﬁre service.
Cooking oil and fat ﬁres
Never use water to extinguish a cooking oil or fat ﬁre. A powder BE-rated portable ﬁ re extinguisher is recommended to put out cooking oil and fat ﬁres in the kitchen. It is best to place the extinguisher near to the normally used path you take to leave the kitchen, such as near the kitchen door.
When using a powder extinguisher on burning cooking oil or fat, it is recommended that you stand about two metres from the ﬁre and aim over the pan. Do not aim the extinguisher directly into the pan that contains burning cooking oil or fat, as you may spread the ﬁre around the kitchen.
Flammable liquids and gas ﬁres
For the garage, a powder ABE-rated portable ﬁre extinguisher is recommended to extinguish ﬂammable liquids and gases.
This information was obtained from Eureka Forbes
Tags: Fire Safety