This section covers the basic knowledge about your rights and responsibilities as a citizen. In particular, it focuses on knowledge related to your rights as a consumer, your rights as a voter, and general legal awareness that we may require in our day to day lives.

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The Companies Act 2013

The Companies Act, 2013 passed by the Parliament has received the assent of the President of India on 29th August, 2013. The Act consolidates and amends the law relating to companies. The Companies Act, 2013 has been notified in the …

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Condonation of Cruelty

  Before seeking reliefs from the Court it is extremely important to know what are the boundaries within which you can claim the reliefs.   Very recently, a man lost his case for Divorce because the Court held that he …

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Consumer Protection in India – Some Reflections

  The growing interdependence of the world economy and international character of many business practices have contributed to the development of universal emphasis on consumer rights protection and promotion.   Consumers, clients and customers’ world over, are demanding value for …

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The Rights of a Hindu Widow

The rights of women have come a long way today since the age when a woman was looked after by her father during her childhood, by her husband when she got married and by her son after she was widowed! …

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How to Complain Against Errant Telemarketers

In today’s day and age acquiring a person’s contact details is far simpler than ever before. Taking advantage of this are many unsolicited telemarketers who call at any hour of the day bringing a halt to your routine. The following …

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The Indian National Flag – Do’s and Dont’s

The Indian National Flag is a Symbol of our Nation’s Sovereignty and National Pride. It represents the hopes and dreams of the Citizens of India. Disrespecting and Insulting the National Flag is an offence which is punishable under the Prevention of …

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What are the Various Election Constituencies in Mumbai?

The City of Greater Mumbai is divided into two districts which are Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburbs. Each section is divided into Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) Constituencies and Vidhan Sabha (Assembly) Constituencies. The Lok Sabha is the ‘House of People’ and …

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What Do I Need to Know to Be a Voter?

India is the largest democracy in the world. The right to vote and more importantly the exercise of franchise by the eligible citizens is at the heart of every democracy. We, the people, through this exercise of our right to …

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Who Are Mumbai’s Members of Parliament (MPs)?

Six Members of Parliament (MPs) have been elected from Mumbai, in the Lok Sabha Elections 2014, You can easily contact your local MPs whose details are as under:   Constituency Member of Parliament Office Address Phone Number Email Mumbai North …

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Wills and Nominations – A Detailed Guide

We all know how to create wealth and how to manage wealth. In this article we learn how to distribute wealth! We are born, therefore death is certain. So beforeour death we can predetermine the disposal of our wealth by …

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Laws Regarding Senior Citizens

  Under the Maintenance and Welfare of Senior Citizens Act, 2007(“Act”), some relevant Parts and Sections dealing with various areas of concern to Senior Citizens are provided below.   Maintenance of Parents and Senior Citizens: Section 4. Maintenance of Parents …

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Nomination in a Co-operative Society

  A member or shareholder in a Cooperative Society is entitled to nominate a person or persons to whom the shares should be transferred by the Society after the demise of the member.   The concept of nomination is to …

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How to Petition for Divorce in the Family Court

  It is very important for the Applicant to know under which Act he/she is applying to the Court.   If you are married under your personal law you have to apply under your personal law, however if you are married under your personal …

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Domestic Violence

  The newly added Section 498A to the Indian Penal Code  was a saviour of married women who were exposed to cruelty and  dowry demands from the husband and his relatives.  However there were thousands of women who did not fall within the ambit …

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Wills – Legal Aspects

  Every person who has a right in moveable and immoveable property has a right to dispose of the same during his life time.  However Will is a concept by which that right is exercised, by the owner of that …

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What is a Public Interest Litigation (PIL)?

  PIL is a concept devised by the Supreme Court as means of redressal of grievances of person or group of persons, who are not in a position to approach the Court because of any disability such as poverty, illiteracy …

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What You Need to Know About Insurance

  Having Insurance is an important way of providing future financial security for ourselves and our families. However, many of us find this field intimidating and confusing. To ensure that we get our rightful dues as consumers, it is important …

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Buying a Flat? Read this Article!

The word ‘Service” has been defined in U/S 2(o) of Consumer Protection Act (C P Act), which includes House and Construction. Thus on plain reading of the said definition read with the Section 2(d) i.e. the definition of Consumer, it …

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Model Formats for a Filing a Consumer Complaint

Below are the 4 formats required whilst filing a Consumer Complaint at the District Forums, State Commission, and National Commission:   To view the full procedure for filing a Consumer Complaint click here.   Model Form –1- Notice before filing …

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How to Lodge a Consumer Complaint

  To provide simple, speedy and inexpensive Redressal of Consumer Disputes, the Consumer Protection Act 1986, envisages a 3-tier quasi-judicial machinery at the National, State and District levels.     Jurisdiction: If the claim made by the complainant is: National …

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What are Consumer Rights?

  The definition of Consumer right is ‘the right to have information about the quality, potency, quantity, purity, price and standard of goods or services’, as it may be the case, but the consumer is to be protected against any …

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District Consumer Forums in Mumbai and Thane

The Consumer Protection Act, 1986, is a benevolent social legislation that lays down the rights of the consumers and provides therefore promotion and protection of the rights of the consumers. The first and the only Act of its kind in …

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Filing an RTI Application – A Detailed Guide

The Right to Information (RTI) Act, 2005, has given the Citizens of India perhaps their most potent weapon in their quest for good governance. This Act ensures that through the process of submitting a Right to Information (RTI) application, any …

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Escalating an RTI Application – A Detailed Guide

The Right to Information Act (2005) has given ordinary citizens a right to access information from the Government on virtually all areas at the Central, State, and Local levels. Under this act, the Public Authorities are compelled to give information …

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The RTI Act and You

“Information is the currency of democracy” quoted Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States of America. This means that democracy cannot survive if the citizens of a country are uninformed. Informed citizens are both more likely to be …

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